Some people are wondering about whether NIMS is applicable to all stakeholders with incident related responsibilitiesor not. Well, the answer is yes. NIMS or the National Incident Management System provides a systematic foundation that guarantees the unity among all of the communities of a nation. The communities in the entire country face various threats and problems. Various stakeholders related to an incident work together by stabilizing the incident in order to save the environment, property, and especially human life.
The incident needs collaborative approaches from varied sectors, including:
A group of specialists in these disciplines.
Some levels of government.
The National Incident Management System or NIMS provides those stakeholders across a community with a joint processes, vocabulary, and systems to successfully give the capabilities just like given by the National Preparedness System. So, elected, appointed officials and policymakers who are responsible for all of the jurisdictional decisions should be responsible as well for their work. Moreover, they also need to have a clear understanding about their work. This will be helpful to respond to, respond from, prevent, protect against, and also reduce the effects of the incident.
The National Incident Management Systems covers flexibility of the full spectrum of incidents related to responsibilities regardless of the cause, complexity, location, and size. This applies from planning responsibilities from road accidents to a massive disaster. A standardized and comprehensive framework is used for better results. It clearly defines the common terminology used that allows effective communication among multiple organizations.
It defines the practices that enable incident personnel and organizations to collaborate together. It also defines the standard organizational structures, integration, and connectivity among multiple organizations. Overall, the National Incident Management System guides the entire community with some steps in order to make sure that the resources of different members of the community unite and collaborate together.
What is NIMS or National Incident Management System?
NIMS is the abbreviation of National Incident Management System. This program is a nationwide approach that is standardized and established especially for incident management. This program is established by the United States Department of Homeland Security. It was established on March 2004, as a response to Homeland Security Presidential Directive-5 that is issued by the US President, George W. Bush. This program is purposed to facilitate coordination among all responders, including all levels of government with public organizations, non-government organizations, and private organizations.
On December 2009, the system had been revised once. The current core training includes 2 courses, which are IS-700 NIMS and ICS-100. The IS-700 NIMS gives a basic introduction about the National Incident Management System. While the ICS-100 includes details, history, and features as well as an introduction to the Incident Command System. Around 24 other courses are added on selected topics.
The standard incident command structures of the National Incident Management System are based on 3 primary organizational systems, which are the Incident Command System or ICS, Public Information Systems, and Multiagency Coordination System. The National Incident Management System is a comprehensive, national approach to incident management that can be applied to all
jurisdictional levels and across functional disciplines. This program is intended to:
Be applicable at a full spectrum of potential hazards, incidents, and impacts regardless of the complexity, cause, size, and location.
Improve cooperation and coordination between public and private entities in various incident management activities.
Provide a common standard for overall incident management.
Why is NIMS Necessary?
As it is said before, the National Incident Management System provides a consistent, comprehensive, standardized, nationwide framework and approach to allow all levels of government, from federal, state, tribal, and local to work together with non-governmental organizations and private organizations. This collaboration is purposed to prevent, prepare, respond to, recover from, and also decrease the impacts of the incident happens. It does not matter the cause, location, size, or complexity of the incident.
The NIMS’ consistent application provides the groundwork for effective and efficient responses. Entities that have integrated into the National Incident Management System into their planning and incident management structure can handle incident with little notice and still understand the protocols and procedures that regulate the response as well as the expectations for the personnel and equipment.
The National Incident Management System gives sameness in the term of preparedness and response efforts that enable various entities to immediately integrate and determine unified commands during an incident, if necessary.
To Whom Does NIMS Apply?
The National Incident Management System can be applied to all levels of government, from state, tribal, to local. The program is also applicable to private organizations, non-governmental organizations, and other organizations that have active roles in incident response and emergency management. Elected and appointed officials as well as policymakers should be responsible for jurisdictional policy decisions and also need to have a clear understanding regarding to their responsibilities and roles related to emergency management. This is purposed to serve their constituency better.
The components of the National Incident Management System connect together and work together in order to form a comprehensive incident management system. The components of the National Incident Management System include:
Communications and Information Management
Ongoing Management and Maintenance
What is the Role of Elected and Appointed Officials During an Incident?
Elected and appointed officials have the responsibility to make sure the public safety and welfare of the people of that jurisdiction. These officials specifically give strategic resources and guidance during recovery efforts, response, and preparedness. Sometimes, these roles probably require providing guidance and direction to the constituents during an incident. However, their daily activities are not focused on emergency response and management. Their awareness of the National Incident Management System is essential to make sure effective response efforts and minimize the impacts of the incident.
That is the all information you need to know about the National Incident Management System or NIMS. For further information, you can access the official website of the Federal Emergency Management Agency or FEMA. There, you can know more about NIMS is applicable to all stakeholders with incident related responsibilities.