The question of where is the genomic DNA stored in a prokaryotic cell has been the subject of much research. Some studies have found it to be in the nucleus or helix. Other studies have revealed that the DNA is held tightly wound in the chromosomes, unlike the nuclear DNA, which is more diffuse. A recent study showed that the genomic DNA held might have implications for many aspects of gene regulation and possibly even human infertility.
The scientific community has been debating where the genome is located since the mid-nineties. Researchers began to look at the genomic DNA stored in a human cell when they realized that the genetic code is repeated between cells. This meant that if the same DNA strand is introduced into a human cell from one cell, it will be passed on to the other cells in the same cycle. Then, with a genetic tool called an Ion Generobe, the researcher can literally ‘see’ the genetic code by mapping it onto a blot board. If the second cell is human and the first is non-human, it can determine the exact location of the genomic DNA. This research has had significant implications for many fields of study.
Because the specific locations of the genetic code are present on a blot board, it is easy to see where all the pieces of the puzzle fit. It is possible to map the genetic areas of interest on the fly to discover unknown genetic diseases. It has also been demonstrated that can use the same method to reveal the exact location of the genetic regulatory region. This enables researchers to follow genetic pathways and also show how abnormalities arise.
The scientific community has begun to use the tools of molecular biologists for hunting down the answers to questions that did not formulate in the field of genomics. Questions such as: “where is the genomic DNA found?” or “what are the specific details of each cell type?” can now be answered using sophisticated tools. It is incredible to think that once the genome was sequenced, there would be a wealth of information to study it and understand its functionality.
As time goes by and more sequencing is completed, researchers will also discover how the DNA is expressed between different cell types. This will allow researchers to learn more about specific diseases associated with particular cellular types. For example, one day, they might find that a specific ethnicity of Chinese men has a different response to the regulation of their genome than does Europeans. This will provide insight into how specific ethnic groups express and control their unique genetic features and increase our understanding of human evolution.
I cannot underestimate the importance of the ability to study the DNA of living organisms. It is currently stored in the nucleus of all cells and is used to make a variety of proteins used for the body’s processes. It is also involved in the regulation of the genes that code for specific proteins. Once the research is complete, it will be possible to examine the relationship between humans and their close relatives like mice and birds and even pets like dogs and cats. This will allow us to appreciate the intricate nature of genetic science and the importance of the task that remains to be completed.
One of the reasons that we can collect and study the DNA of living things is because they are living things. As animals and plants pass through the generations, their DNA is left behind. We can use the data that we collect from these cells to create a database of genetic information that will allow us to investigate and map the function and structure of the human genome. Several companies are now working towards creating a human DNA database, but many challenges remain before realizing this goal.
Scientists are trying hard to solve the problem of how formed the human genome. If the scientists are successful, they will answer why some individuals have blue eyes and brown hair while other individuals have green eyes and red hair. They will also know why certain diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer’s are more common in certain people. It will be possible to study the DNA of living people to answer questions about the genetic architecture of the human body. The ability to research and understand DNA will make it possible to develop new treatments for genetic diseases and find better prevention and care methods.